Freitag, 02. Dezember 2016


  • Pressemitteilung BoxID 138763

"Otto Preminger"

(lifePR) (Wien, ) Otto Preminger (1905 - 1986) was an Austro-American film director, film producer and theatre director from an assimilated Jewish family. The son of a local government official, he first studied law in Vienna, where he acquired his doctorate in 1928. Even during his studies, he worked part-time in the theatre, taking on small roles under Max Reinhardt at the Theater in der Josefstadt and serving as his assistant in Salzburg. It was above all at the German Theatre in Prague that he played major roles. He directed a production for the first time in 1925,, and in 1931 he returned to the Theater in der Josefstadt, serving as its director from 1933 to 1935

In 1931, Otto Preminger made his first film ("Die große Liebe"), through which - and through his theatre productions in Hollywood and New York - he became known to a broader audience. In October 1935 he emigrated to the USA and was involved in a number of films, although he still continued his activities at the theatre. In 1953, Preminger founded his own production company and from then on was no longer required to take account of the cinematographic demands of Hollywood's "dream factory". In 1955, his film "The Man with the Golden Arm", a portrait of a drug addict in the slums of Chicago, broke with a taboo of the period. His film "Anatomy of a Murder" contributed to the weakening and ultimate abandonment of the cinema's internal censorship. Finally, it was also Otto Preminger who made the first film with a cast of entirely black actors: "Carmen Jones" based on George Bizet's opera "Carmen". A further central work in Preminger's cinematic productions was "Bonjour Tristesse" based on the novel of the same name by Francoise Sagan, a film that was extremely well received by the critics and that experts agree served as one of the models for the later directors of the French "Nouvelle Vague".

Otto Preminger, to whom a star is dedicated on the legendary Hollywood "Walk of Fame", always presented an inner panorama of his protagonists and plumbed the depths of their psychological world. Although he drove his actors to true masterpieces, he kept the necessary distance to avoid sliding into the melodramatic. Always maintaining a balance between emotion and analysis, between the details and a structured whole, he created films that were complex narrations that almost literally "get under the skin". As "the director of quiet sounds" (a quotation from "Film-Zeit"), Otto Preminger wrote an important part of cinema history.

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